20 fun facts about the avocado
July 31 marks the Day avocado is an amazing fruit which has a lot of advantages. In honor of our favorite fat fruit we have compiled a list of cool facts about him.
1. The word “avocado” comes from the Aztec word ahuacatl, which supposedly translates to the male testicles. No wonder avocados were the Aztec symbol of love and fertility — they even grow on trees in pairs.
2. While one of the avocado tree has both male and female flowers to avoid self-pollination, they grow at different times. This phenomenon is called dichogamy.
3. Avocado is not a vegetable but a fruit! The second name of a plant, Perseus American and it belongs to the genus Persea of the Lauraceae family. Avocado — a cousin of cinnamon and Bay leaf.
4. The earliest evidence of the use of the avocado, discovered by archaeologists in Peru, belongs to 7000 years BC
5. The first Europeans who began to eat the avocado, was the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century. With this fruit they survived in Mexico. The result of the Spanish conquest, avocados were distributed in South and Central America.
6. The name “avocado” was invented by the Irishman sir Hans Sloane: so he named the tree in 1696 in the catalog of Jamaican plants. He was also named the tree “alligator pear” because of the pear shape and rough texture of the skin.
7. There are over 500 varieties of avocados grown around the world.
8. The most popular variety of avocado is Hass. The name of this variety received by a postman named Rudolph Hass, who discovered an unusual tree in his back yard in the 1930-ies in California. Resourceful patented the Hass variety of avocado is named after himself in 1935.
9. The oldest avocado trees grow in Mexico — they are 400 years old.
10. The three largest exporters of avocados include Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Colombia.
Avocados often grow in pairs
11. Spain is the only European country that produces avocados.
12. The leaves of the avocado tree are used to prepare medicinal tea.
13. If you want to speed up the ripening process of the avocado, just put it in craftsy paper bag for 2-4 days. And if you put in the package the banana, the avocado will ripen even faster!
14. The most popular dish of avocado in the world — Mexican guacamole: mashed avocado with salt, chili pepper and drops of lemon juice.
15. And most fashionable dish with a avocado — avocado-toast. In 2017, daily, Instagram was downloaded more than 3 000 000 photos of toast with avocado.
Avocado toast can make a variety of gastronomic forms
16. Avocado consists of 73% water, 15% fat, 8.5% carbohydrate (mostly fiber) and 2% protein.
17. Contains the highest amount of fiber of any fruit: 150 grams of avocado provides 40% of the daily need in dietary fibers. Also contains vitamins B6, C, K, E, potassium, magnesium, and folic acid.
18. In avocado two times more potassium than in bananas: one avocado contains 975 mg of potassium, while a banana 487 mg.
19. Pit and peel avocados contain persin — a fungicidal toxin that is deadly to animals, especially cows and horses, because they can swallow a bone whole.
20. Daily consumption of avocados can improve LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) in people who are overweight.
Avocados are quite rich in calories — contains 250 kcal